Hunting and trapping in Alberta Canada are under the management of Alberta Sustainable Resource Management. This is due to legislation that has been enacted by the provincial government in addition to the creation of regulations which aid in sustaining wildlife populations. This regulations support trapping and hunting and ensures that other aspects of wildlife management like habitat protection are addressed.
[box type=”download”] History of Hunting and Trapping
Hunting and trapping of animals for food, clothing, tools, shelter as well as trade for centuries has been carried out by the Aboriginal people. Their traditional methods of capturing included rock deadfools,nets,wooden enclosures and sinew snares which were attached to spring poles. The aboriginal trappers incorporated European traps which were purely iron in the late 16th century and by 1850, steel leg-hold traps became adopted from Europeans and their use was wide across Canada. This later led to the beginning of modern fur industry in Canada. [/box]
Trapping and hunting occurs on public and private land. Pieces of public land that are allocated to those who hold Registered Fur Management Licenses are referred to as Registered Fur Management Areas. This gives the license holder the go ahead to trap and hunt furbearing animals on the piece of land he/she owns.
There are regulations which specify the species which can be harvested depending on season, method of hunting and area. It is however worth noting that hunters must have valid license for them to harvest animals legally. A lot of legislation is enacted at federal as well as international levels so as to protect those species at risk and to make sure that critical habitats are as well protected. Among some of the regulations are;
Species At Risk Act, the aim of this is to ensure Canadian subspecies, species that are indigenous and populations that are distinct are protected from being extinct. It also allows for obtaining of threatened species.
Canada Wildlife Act, this allows for management as well as protection of areas set aside for wildlife. These areas are used for research and educational exposure to the general public at interpretive centres.Protection of wildlife areas has its own benefits. It helps preserve migratory birds habitat and many other species at risk. This Act ensures that activities that might harm wildlife species or habitats are prohibited.
Migratory Birds Convention Act, this was enacted in 1994. It prohibits hunting of birds that migrate to only permit-holders. In addition it prohibits damage to eggs or nests, doesn’t allow for introduction of migratory birds that are non-indigenous into Canada and at the same time outlaws pollution of habitat of migratory birds which can occur in form of oil wastes or any substance harmful to the migratory birds.
Wild Animal and Plant Protection And Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act(WAPPRIITA) which outlaws the importation, exportation or inter-provincial transportation of species found on the control list of CITES(Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna and Flora)
Tourism and Recreation
The region around Wood Buffalo has an amazing geographical setting. The area has vast history which generally leads to lots of opportunities in areas of tourism and recreation. Rivers, lakes, flora and Fauna, woodlands as well as wetlands regions can be visited all through the year by using modern or traditional ways.